Senior Land Administration and Geospatial Information Specialist
|Recruitment Type:||International Recruitment|
|Department/Division:||Urban EAP 2 (SEAU2)|
|Term Duration:||3 years 0 months|
|Preferred Language(s):||Korean, other Asian languages|
|Closing Date:||7/12/2020 (MM/DD/YYYY) at 11:59pm UTC|
Do you want to build a career that is truly worthwhile? Working at the World Bank Group provides a unique opportunity for you to help our clients solve their greatest development challenges. The World Bank Group is one of the largest sources of funding and knowledge for developing countries; a unique global partnership of five institutions dedicated to ending extreme poverty, increasing shared prosperity and promoting sustainable development. With 189 member countries and more than 120 offices worldwide, we work with public and private sector partners, investing in groundbreaking projects and using data, research, and technology to develop solutions to the most urgent global challenges. Visit www.worldbank.org.
GLOBAL PRACTICES & CROSS-CUTTING SOLUTIONS AREAS
The 14 GPs are: Agriculture; Education; Energy and Extractives; Environment and Natural Resources; Finance and Markets; Governance; Health, Nutrition and Population; Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management; Poverty; Social Protection and Labor; Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience; Trade and Competitiveness; Transport and ICT; and Water. The 5 CCSAs are: Climate Change; Fragility, Conflict and Violence; Gender; Jobs; and Public-Private Partnerships. The new operating model is part of a broader internal reform aimed at delivering the best of the World Bank Group to our clients, so that together we can achieve the twin goals of (1) ending extreme poverty by 2030, and (2) promote shared prosperity for the bottom 40% of the population in every developing country.
THE “URBAN, RESILIENCE AND LAND” (URL) GLOBAL PRACTICE
Urbanization is occurring at an unprecedented pace. Cities generate 80% of global GDP and are key to job creation and the pursuit of shared prosperity. Yet one billion city residents live in slums today, and by 2030 one billion new migrants will arrive in cities. This concentration of people and assets will exacerbate risk exposure to adverse natural events and climate change, which affects the poor disproportionately. The absence of secure land tenure underpins deprivation and is a major source of conflict in the urban and rural space. One and a half billion people live in countries affected by repeated cycles of violence. In the absence of services, participative planning and responsive institutions, these trends will result in increased poverty, social exclusion, vulnerability and violence. Finally, avoiding a 4-degree warmer world requires drastically reducing the carbon footprint of cities.
The WBG is in a unique position to support national and sub-national clients to: harness urbanization and enable effective land management in support of both growth and poverty reduction; foster social inclusion of marginalized groups; support the responsiveness and fiscal, financial, and management capacities of local governments – cities, municipalities, and rural districts – to deliver local infrastructure and decentralized services; strengthen resilience and risk management related to natural disasters; reduce conflict and violence; scale-up access to finance for sub-national governments; and reduce the carbon footprint of cities. The WBG brings a combination of lending ($7-8 billion in annual lending to cities), analytical and advisory services (e.g., social inclusion flagship, urbanization reviews, Sendai dialogue), its growing portfolio of reimbursable advisory services, its convening power (e.g., understanding risk and the land conferences), its leveraging capacity (e.g., guarantees and risk mitigation), and its ability to work with the private sector to tackle the challenges at scale and to effect.
The URL GP covers a wide gamut: (i) developing green, inclusive and resilient cities; (ii) addressing the social inclusion of the poor, vulnerable and excluded groups through accountable institutions, and ensuring compliance with social safeguards; (iii) enhancing urban and rural development through supporting and managing the urban-rural transition, assisting local development through developing land tenure, management and information systems; and (iv) assisting in disaster risk management through issues of risk assessment, risk reduction (including flood management, urban drainage, coastal management, and retrofitting of infrastructure), disaster preparedness (including hydromet services, early warning systems, and civil defense), risk financing (including CAT-DDO), and resilient reconstruction (including post-disaster damage and loss assessment). A key responsibility of the GP is to provide professional expertise and operational support to other GPs to implement the WBG social policies (the WB’s safeguard policies and the IFC’s Performance Standards) to deliver sustainable development results that ensure that any adverse impacts of WBG interventions are limited and mitigated.
Matters of land tenure, land administration and land management touch all areas of the World Bank Group Group’s Practice’s themes. Food production, poverty alleviation and growth, and the sustainable use of natural resources and growth of cities, all relate to how communities, families, public and private sector get access to land and how their rights are administered, managed and altered. URL is responsible for the World Bank’s investment, technical assistance and analytical work in the fields of land administration and geospatial information globally under three multi-regional land clusters. The regional land cluster for East Asia Pacific (EAP) and South Asia (SAR) regions is responsible for the WBG’s investment lending, technical assistance and knowledge activities in EAP and SAR. Typical projects cover a wide variety of legal (land rights recognition, allocation and registration), technical (land and spatial records and data, territorial planning), fiscal (property valuation and taxation) and social (minority rights, safeguards) topics, collaborating with central and local governments, private sector, civil society and specialists and academics all over the world. URL is expanding its capacity in land tenure, digital land administration and geospatial information frameworks for supporting countries and cities in developing 3D cadastres, spatial data infrastructure and smart city systems, as well as advising investments in related themes (agriculture, forestry, municipal development, community development) and cross cutting areas (gender, climate change, governance).
RELEVANCE TO COVID-19 PANDEMIC
COVID-19 will deepen social vulnerabilities underlining the importance of access to land as a social safety net and land and properties as critical family assets. The ability of communities, families and individuals to retain livelihoods, sustain deaths, mitigate displacement and economically rebound, will in part depend on land tenure security. The economic impact of pandemics typically hit the poor hardest, and a pandemic outbreak in urban informal settlements could result in migration to rural areas and escalation of demand on land that can trigger land disputes and conflicts. In particular, rights of traditional communities, ethnic minorities and women, and those whose rights have not been recorded are disproportionally more insecure than the wealthy and men during and in the aftermath of a health crisis as evidence from HIV/AIDS crisis have shown. Responsible land administration and geospatial systems will target land tenure regularization investments to most vulnerable communities. In EAP and SAR these include in particular informal settlements in urban areas and small holders, indigenous peoples and women headed households, whose rights have not been registered to legal land records and/or who reside on state lands. Many of them need to continuously occupy and use their land to protect homes and fields. Deaths, lockdowns or disruptions in supply chains may force people to abandon their holdings and face the risk of losing their unregistered lands. Furthermore, occupancy in forest areas without legal evidence is already restricting people from accessing some basic governmental services (ID cards, enrollment to schools, etc.), and this may have an impact on their access to COVID-19 supports. Therefore, moving towards integrating land administration, including the formalization of rights within state lands is essential to ensure that these already vulnerable people are not disproportionally impacted by the current or coming health crises and pandemics.
The World Bank Group (WBG) Korea Office evolved from a request by the Government of Korea (GOK). The Korea Office was formally opened in December 2013 in Songdo, Incheon City. Phase 1 focused on knowledge sharing, disseminating Korea’s development experience outside Korea and bringing WBG global knowledge into Korea. The office expanded in Phase 2 (FY18-21) with stronger links to operations and knowledge, including the addition of a staff member from the Global Land and Geospatial unit (SURLN), to promote an increased focus on green growth which is a key priority for the Korean government. In Phase 3, the Korea Office will continue to expand through two prongs: the first prong will focus on innovation, competition and technology, the second prong would refocus the Sustainable Development (SD) cluster in the office by strengthening the green growth innovation program and ensuring a critical operational presence in selected areas to provide a platform for the application of innovations for sustainable development.
The URL team in Korea will include one Senior Land Administration and Geospatial Information Specialist and one Digital Land Administration and Geospatial Information Specialist staff, who will join the Land and Geospatial Cluster of EAP and SAR. The specialists will join the growing the WBG’s program in land administration and geospatial operations in EAP and SAR. Among the key tasks will be knowledge sharing and leveraging of Korea’s globally leading innovations and expertise with developing country clients. Land administration, geospatial information and the spatial data infrastructure are critical for developing smart cities, combatting climate change, improving resilience and many other applications. The specialist will also support the engagement within URL and with Korean partners on the smart city, urban development and disaster risk management parts of the URL agenda.
The Senior Land Administration and Geospatial Information Specialist will tap into Korea’s leading knowledge base in Digital Twins, 3D Cadastre and Smart Cities from partners such as the Korea National Geospatial Information Institute (NGII) and Korea Land and Geospatial InformatiX Corporation (LX). Conventional paper-based land registration and geospatial information systems representing land parcels and rights to them, as well as topography and features on maps, are rapidly transforming to modern digital terrain and building models, real time sensors of big data resulting to dynamic digital twins. Similarly, digital 3D cadastres that record and transact rights to 3D real property objects instead of ‘land’ as described in static 2D maps and legal text are coming. Cities will be able use the digital 3D records and models as the base and invest in next generation urban systems for recording, planning and permitting. Further, Korea is also one of the leading countries globally in digital mass valuation systems. The Korea Appraisal Board (KAB) operates a real time valuation system of all real properties that serves centrally all public sector valuation needs and publishes market information supporting market transparency and efficiency. Comprehensive digital land records and 3D models combined can support mass valuation systems capable of producing new approximated land and property values of high level every year increasing the quality, yield and fairness of property taxes and through them local revenues and thus governance. The incumbent will support URL in developing awareness, interest and solutions promoting the spread of the Digital Twin and 3D Cadastre approaches in Asia including in land valuation infrastructure and services.
Roles and Responsibility
The Senior Land Administration and Geospatial Information Specialist will join the EAP SAR Land and Geospatial Cluster of Urban, Resilience and Land Global Practice (URL) and will:
If the selected candidate is a current World Bank Group staff member with a Regular or Open-Ended appointment, s/he will retain his/her Regular or Open-Ended appointment. All others will be offered a 3 years 0 months term appointment.
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